Member Speech Overviews

By: Adele Zhang, Barnard College 2015

The “Overview” at the top of the Member speeches is a stylistic choice that many debaters on APDA tend to favor. It is a short, usually not longer than 2 minutes, spiel summarizing some aspects of the round that you want the judge to focus on. There are multiple ways that you make the overview, and it is completely optional, but I find that it helps solidify the round in your mind, so sketching one out, even if you’re not going to say one is extremely helpful.

One way you can take the overview is to “reframe the round”. Let’s say that the LO has brought on some surprising advocacy that you haven’t seen before, but it moves away from the core of the question that you want to debate. For example, let’s say that PM was largely about freedom of speech but then LO’s main thrust of argumentation was grounded in economics. MG therefore can reclaim the round in the overview to tell you why freedom of speech questions are more important than economics and why those arguments ought be brought out in the forefront. Remember to always try and debate on your ground which means that MG has to tell us why the LO messed up by not focusing on the issues that PM brought up. The MO can use this tactic as well to tell the judge why Gov’s ground is BS, and why you should favor Opp’s ground or focus instead.

Another way to “reframe the round” would be to actually take the round in a different direction from the PM and LO. If the LO decided to take the ground that the PM laid out, offer some new line of argumentation (eg, if the round has been largely political, reframe it in an economic sense) to try and catch the MO off guard. Remember though to always link the new lines of argumentation back to the original ground that PM established (if you’re the MG). It needs to catch the opposition by surprise, but not come way out of left field. The MO doing this is a little bit more sketch, as it can be called an MO-dump, and highlighting new things in an overview is not really great strategy. It has to be sneakily done, so it seems like LO mentioned it all along but the MG just failed to address it.

Another way you can take the overview is to basically highlight or make explicit what the round is about. Rounds usually boil down to 3 main questions that fall under a big umbrella theme or have a common thread linking them. The Member can therefore use this overview to highlight this theme or thread to remind the judge how to think of the round. It makes it clear and allows for you to define the round in your eyes.

Overviews can also be “rebuttals of the case” in that if you notice one or two things that is wrong with all of the advocacy, then mentioning that in your overview will take all that advocacy out, or at least weaken it substantially at the beginning of your speech, putting more weight on your arguments in the judges eyes. For example, if the other team completely missed the question of the debate, mention that in your overview. Or if their entire advocacy would be completely impossible realize, that should be at the top of your speech. If their arguments can be taken out with one or two arguments then make that your overview.

Specifically, the MO should be looking for drops, mishandled POIs, and contradictions on the other side to blow up and make into a big deal. Make it sound like the most important thing in the round and why it’s damning for Gov to have messed that up. If done successfully, the PM won’t have enough time to explain away the issue and LOR can collapse on it hard destroying the momentum of the PMR speech.

At the end of the day, the overview serves as an easy way for the judge to summarize and contextualize your speech. That can be a very effective tool but be careful because an overview can sometimes be overpowering and instead the judge will just remember the overview and not the nuance of your argumentation later on. Just be careful to make sure that the overview serves as a supplement and not the main attraction of your speech.

243 thoughts on “Member Speech Overviews

  1. Pingback: Lincoln Georgis
  2. Pingback: Chirurgie Tunisie
  3. Pingback: MBA degree Cairo
  4. Pingback: Technical Writer
  5. Pingback: Machine Learning
  6. Pingback: Political Science
  7. Pingback: Networking Events
  8. Pingback: Pharmacognos
  9. Pingback: pharmacists
  10. Pingback: Orthodontics
  11. Pingback: fue phone number
  12. Pingback: luci led camera
  13. Pingback: neuropure
  14. Pingback: liv pure
  15. Pingback: prostadine
  16. Pingback: Fiverr Earn
  17. Pingback: Fiverr Earn
  18. Pingback: Fiverr Earn
  19. Pingback: Fiverr Earn
  20. Pingback:
  21. Pingback:
  22. Pingback:
  23. Pingback:
  24. Pingback:
  25. Pingback:
  26. Pingback: livpure mediprime
  27. Pingback:
  28. Pingback:
  29. Pingback: clima para mañana
  30. Pingback:
  31. Pingback: french bulldog
  32. Pingback:
  33. Pingback:
  34. Pingback:
  35. Pingback: exotic bully
  36. Pingback: seo in Romania
  37. Pingback: Local Piano Movers
  38. Pingback: mini frenchie
  39. Pingback: clima fresno ca
  40. Pingback: frenchie colors
  41. Pingback: future university
  42. Pingback: slot online
  43. Pingback: seo company tampa
  44. Pingback: bulldogs puppy
  45. Pingback: Fiverr.Com
  46. Pingback: fue
  47. Pingback: french bulldog
  48. Pingback: six sigma
  49. Pingback: Piano service
  50. Pingback: FUE
  51. Pingback: FUE
  52. Pingback: FUE
  53. Pingback: Packing materials
  54. Pingback: Moving estimate
  55. Pingback: Classic Books 500
  56. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  57. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  58. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  59. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  60. Pingback: Speaker
  61. Pingback: partners
  62. Pingback: neuro rise
  63. Pingback: Predictions
  64. Pingback: live sex cams
  65. Pingback: live sex cams
  66. Pingback: live sex cams
  67. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  68. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  69. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  70. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  71. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  72. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  73. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  74. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  75. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  76. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  77. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  78. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  79. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  80. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  81. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  82. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  83. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  84. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  85. Pingback: SRA Survivors
  86. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  87. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  88. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  89. Pingback: FiverrEarn
  90. Pingback: slimcrystal legit
  91. Pingback: cheap sex cams
  92. Pingback: live sex cams
  93. Pingback: live sex cams
  94. Pingback: live sex cams
  95. Pingback: rare breed-trigger
  96. Pingback: Logo Designing
  97. Pingback: 늑대닷컴
  98. Pingback: Deposit
  99. Pingback: One Peace AMV
  100. Pingback: One Peace AMV
  101. Pingback: nang sydney
  102. Pingback: superslot
  103. Pingback: allgame
  104. Pingback: 918kiss
  105. Pingback: หวย24
  106. Pingback: pg slot
  107. Pingback: cybersécurité
  108. Pingback: upstate hotels
  109. Pingback: megagame
  110. Pingback: 17 wsm
  111. Pingback: 3 408 cheytac
  112. Pingback: sicarios madrid
  113. Pingback: SaaS Attorney
  114. Pingback: itsMasum.Com
  115. Pingback: itsMasum.Com
  116. Pingback: itsMasum.Com
  117. Pingback: nangs Sydney
  118. Pingback:
  119. Pingback:
  120. Pingback:
  121. Pingback: chatwi
  122. Pingback:

Leave a Comment